Japan is nearly equivalent to Germany and Switzerland combined, or slightly smaller than the U.S. state of California. The capital city is Tokyo. Japan is one of the most densely populated regions in the world, and most Japanese reside in urban areas. Today, measured on a purchasing power parity basis, Japan is the third-largest economy in the world after the U.S. and China. It is the Asian leader in banking, retailing, telecommunications, stock exchange, and transportation. The currency of Japan is the Yen.
In 2008, the Government of Japan announced the “300,000 Foreign Students Plan,” which aims to more than double the number of foreign students in Japan (currently 120,000) by 2020, and to achieve a significant part of that increase in the next five years. Suffice it to say that the current climate in Japan is welcoming to students coming from other countries. The academic year in Japanese universities begins in April.